Thursday, December 4, 2008

Online shopping

Practice for final exam

There are many arguments about online shopping. Is it good or bad? Is it useful or harmful? Is it easy or hard? In fact, there a lot of problems with internet shopping; for example credit card may be stolen. Also, there are a lot of benefits ether, so some people choose it and others do not. It depends on the person’s personality. On the other hand, we have two situation; you can do it or you can refuse to do it.

I think that online shopping is good because several things. It is good to save your time and money together, it easy to do it when you at home, and it has security in it.

First, if you are a busy person, you should try online shopping because it saves your important time with less cost. You can learn how to do it, and then you can save time. According to Robertson (2006) you can save time and money when you shop online because on the internet you have many deals and you can choose the best one. Also, when you go to one mall you cannot find everything you need because it is limited by the store they have, but in the Internet you can find what you need, so if you want to save time and money you should try it once. Also, online shopping makes you not wait to see your bill because you already see it online, so you do not need to worry about your bank account ( 2008).

Next, a lot of people now want something easy to do, so online shopping is easier than going to the mall because you do it at home. Ball (2008) illustrates that “It has provided a method of easily finding what you’re looking for or the best price without ever leaving your home” (para. 1). As a result, comfortable life can be in your hand when you learn how to manage that from your home. I know a lot of men do not like to go shopping because it takes your rest time sometime. When you have a wife and she needs many thing from the mall, you can just open your computer and search for what she wants, so you can relax while she finds what she needs. When you do that you can feel more comfortable than when you take her to the mall.

Finally, if you want to process your shopping safely, you should be careful. In Ball (2008) he states, “In fact online shopping is quite safe, as long as you follow precautions” (para. 2). In addition, if you do not know how to use it, do not try it alone. It is not a shame to ask someone even if he/she younger than you. Also, (2008) says that if you use your mind, you have more security than if you do not use it. I think people should have more experiences to do that, because you cannot distinguish the safe ones from the unsafe ones. You should ask who know to complete your shop safely.

In conclusion, people who want a better life should try online shopping, because it reduces the time and the cost you spending in some store at the mall; it is easy when you learn it right, and you can make your operation safe if you think. So you should try it.


Ball, G. (2008, April 15). Is using a credit-card for online purchases safe? Education Redefined. Retrieved December 3, 2008, from,1384,86674-5031-17009,00.html

Epinions.come (2008, October 20). Five tips for safe online shopping. Retrieved December 3, 2008, from

Robertson, C. (2006, January 3). Stay while shopping online. Majon International Retrieved December 3, 2008, from

Tuesday, December 2, 2008

Killer Whales Want to Survive

(Final research paper)

There are many sea animals endangered all over the world. Killer whales (orcas), from the dolphin family, are one of them. According to McCarthy (2008), fifty years ago killer whales started eating smaller sea animals instead of the big ones because humans killed 500,000 great whales. The problems start here with killer whales’ diet. The problem gets bigger when female orcas disappear. Fox News (2008) tells us that it is unusual to lose two young females at the same time. Because the killer whales have lost more females, that might cause a sharp decline in orcas’ population. According to Killer Whale (n.d.), “Scientists estimate that male killer whales in the Pacific Northwest have an average life span of about 30 years, while females can live up to 60 years” (para. 1). That illustrates only that when we lose one young female, we drop the possibility of female whales getting pregnant many years, so that makes the orcas’ number stop going up. There are many reason for killer whales to decrease (, 2006); “Pollution and a decline in prey are believed to be the whales' biggest threats, although stress from whale-watch boats and underwater sonar tests by the Navy are also concerns” (para. 11). Moreover, according to Kern and Zachary (n.d.), any kind of mammals cannot breathe under the water, so that orcas should go to the top of the sea to breathe. Also, ScienceDaily (2007) says, “Orcas, which reach a length exceeding 25 feet and weights of 4-5 tons, already are the most PCB-contaminated creatures on Earth” (para. 1). According to Killer whale (n.d.), almost all of orcas’ body are black, but they have some white patches in their body. In Killer whale (n.d.), the authors write that “Adult males, known as bulls, can reach up to 9.8 m (32 ft) in length and weigh over 5,500 kg (12,100 lb). Adult females, known as cows, are smaller, growing to 8.5 m (28 ft) in length and weighing as much as 3,800 kg (8,400 lb.)” (para. 4). E. Kern & T. Zachary (n.d.), explain that killer whales have strong teeth and jaw that makes them able to kill and eat any sea animals. E. Kern & T. Zachary (n.d.) illustrate where killer whales live; they live in the Northern Pacific, Atlantic Oceans, the Arctic Sea, Western coast of North America, south of Africa and Australia. According to Killer whale (n.d.), orcas eat many kinds of sea animals, such as fish, squid, marine birds, and marine mammals. Fox (2008) says that in the North Pacific there are three types of killer whales, which are in J, K, and L pods.

There are several ways to protect orcas from extinction. First, because people killed the orcas’ diet in the past, they should provide food for them. Next, scientists should focus on female killer whales, because if they are dead, that means the killer whales will become extinct. Finally, people should clean up the top of the seawater to protect these animals from air pollution, which came from human activity.

First, when people killed the great whales fifty years ago, that caused the prim diet of orcas decrease sharply, so people should feed them before they get angry. First, because people deteriorated killer whales’ natural life balance of eating some kinds of marine animals, they should feed the killer whales until the problem disappears. Second, people like to eat salmon and people killed orcas’ diet, so people should feed them salmon or any kind of food that killer whales like for many years to save orcas from extinction. Also, they can solve the salmon problem by increase salmon’s population, so killer whales can feed on them. For instance, “Six killer whale researchers say removing dams on the Snake River would benefit not only endangered salmon but also the killer whales of Puget Sound” (Dunagan , 2007, para. 1). In addition, if people can fix the salmon problem in every area that would increase the salmon’s population so that would help orcas find appropriate diet in every area. Therefore, every area has its own problem, so people should manage that as they can. Killer whale (n.d.) tells us that orcas eat more than 136 kg in one day. On the other hand, if both people and orcas eat salmon, maybe salmon will become extinct from the Earth. Also, in Killer whale (n.d.), the author illustrates that in every area in the North Pacific orcas have different food; for example, in the Bering Sea, which is close to Alaska, the orcas there eat 65 percent fish. Therefore, people should focus on what the orcas’ principal diet in the area is to make a balance of orcas’ food. Finally, if people do not feed killer whales what they need, maybe they will begin to have a revolution from starvation, so that will turn into uncontrolled behaviour. For example, if orcas saw a ship or boat when they are starving, that could make them very violent with humans. Killer whale (n.d.), explains “In the Pacific Northwest, pollution and overfishing have reduced salmon populations, limiting the availability of a favourite killer whale prey” (para. 19). Because of human bad activity in the past, people should reduce the fishing of orcas’ diet food, such as salmon.

Second, if scientists want orcas to survive, they should focus on female killer whales because of many things. First of all, E. Kern & T. Zachary (n.d.) say that “Killer whales lay one egg a year” (para.8). That makes people think about protecting females from death, because they did not bear many calves in one year. For example, people can focus on female killer whales in a period of time to create effective protection for them, but how can people do that? According to McClure (2008) “Females give birth in the winter, when food supplies are lowest. Yet that's also when they must lactate, which requires extra food energy” (para. 8). In fact, if we can do that in the winter, that makes not only the orca females have a good health, but also orcas’ babies too because when females have a good health, that means they can produce enough milk for their babies. On other hand, with this method we protect both female and baby killer whales. Next, when we lose a young female, we really lose more than just one. According to Killer Whale (n.d.), “Scientists estimate that male killer whales in the Pacific Northwest have an average life span of about 30 years, while females can live up to 60 years” (para. 15). Also, in McCarthy (2008), he claims that “It’s not unusual to lose older or younger whales, but losing two females in reproductive prime is a bit of a concern; since they typically have high survival rate” (para 15). Finally, if scientists want to increase orcas’ population, they should find a way to make different pods mate together and find out what way cause reproductive difficulty. According to Killer Whale (n.d.), “Mating occurs more often among killer whales of different pods to avoid inbreeding within pods” (para. 15). Also, some study found that dolphin encounter difficulty when they producing babies because the chemical substance. That mean orcas might have the same problem because they are from the same family and both of them are mammals (McClure, 2008). Those are the best ways to stabilize the orcas’ population.

Finally, orcas’ bad health was caused by toxic substances, ships surrounding them, and air pollution. First, in Killer Whale (n.d.), “Fish and other prey absorb chemical contaminants into their bodies, and killer whales feed on these contaminated animals. As a result, the number of killer whales debilitated by disease has increased” (para. 19). Also, according to Sciencedaily (2007), killer whales are one of the sea animals that are influenced by PCB. People should be careful about poison substances that cause sea animals’ disease. Some National communities do a great job; for example “The PCB cleanup is one component of NOAA’s recovery plan for the Southern Resident killer whales; it was proposed in 2006 and remains to be finalized” (Lubick, 2007, para. 7). In fact, if all the Northwest area does the same thing, that might improve the orcas’ population. Also, people should start to do the same thing as soon as possible in all the area in Northwest, because “orcas ... living in the Pacific Northwest will not recover from historic PCB exposures until 2030 or later, according to new modeling results published in ES&T (pp 6613–6619)” (Lubick, 2007, para. 1). Next, many ships in the North Pacific should move to another area, because in Killer Whale (n.d.), “Boaters have cruised too close to killer whale pods, preventing the animals from hunting for food or inadvertently separating mothers from their calves. Easily disturbed by boaters, killer whales may move quickly to evade a boat or they may exhibit aggressive defensive behaviours. These actions sometimes cause boats to accidentally collide with the animals and injure them” (para. 20). Finally, people should clean up the water surface because in Kern and Zachary (n.d.), they say that every mammal should go up to the surface to breathe. As result, the top of the water should be clean from thrown garbage, spilled oil, and so on.

According to (2006), “Lawyers for the Farm Bureau and the Building Industry Association argue that those orcas do not meet the technical requirements for protection under the Endangered Species Act because they are not a ‘distinct population’ of the species” (para. 5). However, even if that true we should treat them as endangered species because people should take a long term view of the problem. Scientists should put them now on the list of endangered sea animals because they have many problems, such as lack of diet, unclean water, and so on. If scientists start to care for orcas from now on, maybe they can control the future difficulty. I believe that “prevention is better than cure”, so why do some people not take any process until the problem gets bigger? Why do they wait? There are many questions I want to ask to those people who do not want to put killer whales under endangered species protection. Maybe some people do not like killer whales because he kills a lot of sea animals, but those who think that are wrong. They do not know that killer whales help some sea animals because orcas eat predators who attack those sea animals. For example, Killer whales eat shark, which is the main reason for many sea species’ decline, so when orcas disappear from the earth, because of those scientists who do not believe that orcas should be protected as threatened species, they can imagine what the shark will do to sea animals when shark’s population increases because of orcas’ extinction.

In conclusion, people should save orcas not only because they are beautiful, but also to help protect them from extinction, so people should feed them enough food to survive, protect females as well as they can to increase the population, and detoxify any substances from the top of the water to protect them from poison. When we do all of that, orcas can live in peace, but all people should care about orcas, not only scientists. So what can you do to protect killer whales? You can do a lot of things individually, such as not throwing garbage into the water, not boating behind groups of orcas, and not eating salmon every weekend. The choice is yours.

Reference (2006, March 23). Are killer whales endangered? Retrieved November 4, 2008, from

Dunagan, C. (2007, November 20). Orca Researchers Call for Dam Removal. Retrieved November 22, 2008, from

Fox (2008, October 27). 7 Puget sound killer whales missing, presumed dead. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from,2933,444011,00.html?sPage=fnc/scitech/naturalscience

Kern, E. & Zachary, T. (n.d.). Killer Whales. Retrieved November 4, 2008, from

Killer whale (n.d.). Encarta. Retrieved November 4, 2008, from

Lubick, N. (2007, September 15). Orcas remain burdened by PCBs.
Environmental ScienceTechnoogyl, 41 (18), 2.

McCarthy, M. (2008, April 14). Killer whales blamed for decline of Scottish seals. The Independent. p. 14. Retrieved October 20, 2008, from Lexis Nexis database.

McClure, R. (2008, October 24). Are the orcas starving? Seattle P1 Retrieved November 22, 2008, from

Sciencedaily (2007, September 10). PCBs may threaten killer whale populations for 30-60 years. Retrieved November 4, 2008, from

Saturday, November 22, 2008

Occur and reminder

Anna's Jernal # 6

I have a good memory because any event in my life I related to something. I think it is interesting to do that because when you hear, see, or say something, then you remember old event. Sometime it is good and sometime it is bad, that depend on the situation, so some people like to remember the nice thing only, but some people they memorize both good and bad thing because they have ability to do that. I am the person who tries to memorize the good thing only, but some time I remember the bad time too. In fact, the most thing make me rethink of something happen at long time is music. When I listen to old music, I remember all events that happen to me in this period of time. Also, sometime I connect one music to one event, so when I hear it, I retain information. For example, five years ago I liked to hear one music, which is Arabic music, in the morning and I like it very much. Someday when I have job interview, I listen to this music many time, so if I hear it now I remember this interview. Other thing makes me remind some event is when I see picture, we have same of it in some day so that when I see it again after many years, I remember all things related to this picture. Next, when I hear some word, but it strange to hear it now. In this kind I remember the person who always says this word. Sometime there are a lot of person say it. I remember the person who is close to me first. Finally, I have a bad memory when I see some of my relative play with me video game because that make me remember my grandfather death. Because when I reserved my grandfather death from my aunt’s mouth, we were play video game. In conclusion, it is exciting to remember some event. The remarkable of that is to not forget your life occasion. Feel free to connect some of your life occur to remember it.

Difference between US and Saudi Arabia in food

FE # 7

I think the food between those countries is very different. I see the US people like the fast food more than another kind of food. In the US they like steak, but in Saudi Arabia people like to eat meat with rice, such as kabsah, mathlotha, mandy. And araby. I think both of US and Saudi foods are unhealthy because they contain a lot of fat. I like to see the US and Saudi Arabian people eat more salads than other stuff. In fact, the spices are different also because I am suffering here to find some kind of spice. Also when I find it, it is very expensive. The interesting thing is that a lot of restaurants in my country are from the US, such as Applebee’s , McDonald’s, and Kentucky Fried Chicken. The problem is that many children in Saudi Arabia like those kinds of restaurants, which are unhealthy for them. Finally, the traditional Arabic food is very difficult to make, so here sometimes I want to make some but I cannot. I think I should have learned how to do it before I came here to the US. In conclusion, both countries have good food, but it depends on what you are used to eating and on your personality of eating.

Wednesday, November 19, 2008

My favorite dish

FE # 6

My favorite food is Maasoob because I like it very much. Maasoob is a traditional food in Saudi Arabia. When I eat Maasoob, I remember all my co-workers because we eat it in the morning at the work. Maasoob is a kind of dessert, but it is not dessert because in my country we eat it as a breakfast. It is sweet because it contains bread, dates, banana, cream, honey, and cheese. This kind of food is easy to make, but it is not easy for people who eat it to move, so be careful. First, cut the special bread, which is made of wheat, to small pieces and also cut the banana of very small pieces. Second, we should mash up the bread, dates, and banana together. After that, we can add the cream and honey on top of it. Be careful when you eat Maasoob, because it may make you fat. One dish is enough for three people because if you eat just three spoons pit of it, I think you feel full, but because it is very tasty; you cannot stop eating it. I really miss waiting my turn in line in my country when I order some Maasoob from the famous restaurant. Actually I try to make it here in the U.S., but it does not have the same taste. I think this food does not look good when you see it, but it is very delicious food when you try to eat it.

Saturday, November 15, 2008

Lonely Life your Choice

Anna's Jernal # 5

People who want to be alone for different thing should notice if it good for him or not. There are many advantages and disadvantages about spending time alone. I think it is depend to people personality. I do not think it is depending to our culture because in same culture we can find both who like to be alone and who like to be with company. First, there are several advantages to spend time alone, such as you can focus, you can be quit, and you can work a long time. For example, I cannot focus of anything if I am with many people because I like to work with no noise. I feel that if I am in quit place, I can devote all my time on focusing and I have long free time. When I stay alone, I feel that I have a long time to do many things, such as doing my homework, reading my book, thinking of anything. Second, there are several disadvantage of being alone, such as you miss the group dissection, you miss the group fun, and you miss group activity. There are many people cannot stay alone even though they stay alone because they do not find company. I am here in US stay alone between five to seven hour a day after I finch CESL classes. This happen during the week, but in the weekend I spend a lot of time with my friends. For my situation I think I do the wrong thing because I should communicate with the people during the week to improve my English speaking. I think if someone want to be alone, that depend on the situation you are live with. For instance, if it useful to you to be with people rather than to be alone, I recommend to be with group. On the other hand, if it does not matter to you, you can do what you see better for you. For me I prefer to be alone, but my circumstances make me change my habit. In conclusion, everyone had different condition, so to be alone it is your choice, but do not make that impact your life bad.

Monday, November 10, 2008


FE # 5

This the first time has seen an election in my life. Actually, I am very impressed about what I saw on the fourth of November 2008. I really like the way both Obama and McCain sway voters. I think Obama is more useful than McCain because he has more tolerance than McCain. In fact, I am surprised about many things about Obama’s win. First, Obama many years ago was a regular man who grew up in Indonesia, and his father was from Kenya. He is example of aspiring person who reached the top of the world very fast. Second, he is the first African American to win an election. It is very interesting to see that, because the truth is anyone should be able to win not only Republicans. Finally, the age gap between the candidates makes me shocked. It is wonderful to go to The White House and you are less than fifty years old. In conclusion, the exciting thing is the right man in the right place at the right time wins this election to make United States appear in the correct way.

Friday, November 7, 2008

Mster Degree or Job Lose

Anna's Jernal # 4

My dream now is to complete my education in United States, but I fear that no university accept me because in my major MBA there are a lot of requirement such as, GPA, GMAT, TOEFL, and work experience. I aspire to not only complete my Master degree but also PhD. I have scholarship from my country to learn English and Master. I have only one year and six month to get unconditional acceptance from any university in US. If I do not get admission from any university, maybe I lose my scholarship. The fear increase when the time is passing. I am here in US since March, 2008; I am in EAP2 in CESL until now I did not get appropriate score in TOEFL and GMAT. In fact, the big problem for me is I should choose between my dream or my work. I do not know which one. I am work for Saudi Electricity Company, which is one of the important companies in Saudi Arabia, give years and I am in vacation without salary for one year. I will come back to my country in December, 2008 for vacation. After that I will return back to my work in the same time I want to study GMAT. If I get unconditional acceptance from US, I can request another long vacation from my company, but if I did not have unconditional acceptance, I cannot quit from my company because it is the only supply I have if I lose it I am no money. Really I am very stressful this time because GMAT, TOEFUL, and also EAP2. I hop me fear disappear and I fallow my dream as you say. I believe that when someone has a lot of stress, he/she can get advantage to focus more and more. I hope I get acceptable before I go back to my country the end of this year.

Monday, November 3, 2008

Soccer In USA

FE # 4

Soccer is my favorite sport, so the first thing I did when I came here to the US is find out where I would I play. I really enjoy playing soccer in the US because they have many nice fields, they have many players with different nationalities, and we can play without a referee. First, in my country we do not have grass fields free because we should pay to play on them, but in the US I am surprised because we have more than ten grass fields in Carbondale. In my country almost all the fields are sand, and they get muddy when it rains. Also, if we want to play on a grass field, we should rent the field for two hours to play and that is very expensive for us, because we play twice a week. Next, I enjoy playing with people from many different countries, because every country has a special background in playing soccer. For example, I know someone he does not move on the field a lot, but he passes the ball wonderfully. I admire his way of playing soccer. Finally, I had a strange feeling when I played the first time because there was no referee on the field. In my country we should have a referee, because there are many problem that happen, such as offside problem. In US everyone is referee on the field, which means if someone makes a soccer mistake, he should tell us honestly. In conclusion, I like the way they play here because it is easier than in my country.

Sunday, November 2, 2008

The Group of Killer Whales does not Leave Aimlessly

S/R # 2

In FOX’s (2008) article, “7 Puget Sound Killer Whales Missing, Presumed Dead,” it discusses why seven of the killer whales that live in Puget Sound have disappeared by taking different scientists’ opinions. First, the article tells us if the seven orcas really died, that means a strong decrease is happening in orcas’ population. The scientist Balcomb compares that with US financial problems, because the number of killer whales is 83 now. Also, he states that one of the seven orcas is male, which is from one group, but two of them are young females. Then, he says that this uncommon disappearance of orcas at one time led to salmon decline. Next, the article illustrates that there are three kinds of pods living in this area, J, K, and L, which have special characteristics, such as unusual sound, eating salmon only, and unbelievable show and have ascended and descended in population. Also, another man called Garrett mentioned the same thing as Balcomb said about the salmon problem. Later on the biologist Hanson says maybe they have travelled to other places searching for food, but it is an uncommon thing to lose two young female at the same time. One of them is Luna’s mother, and Luna died in 2006 because a blade on a boat hit her when they made her move to another area, but another one is Luna’s brother. Finally, he states that maybe the number of orcas will increase if new baby is born or maybe they will appear somewhere else, but Balcomb believes they are dead.

I think they are still alive, but they have gone to another place because they want to find Luna; they want to change their habitat to another place, and they want to make a balance among the foods of the area.

First, we know that Luna’s mother and Luna’s brother are from the seven killer whales that disappeared in the Puget Sound area, so they may have gone to find Luna. The problem here started when Lone separated from her pods, because orcas like to be together as family, but when they separate, they may die or meet each other again. In fact, that is an exaggerated idea, but maybe that is the real story. Luna’s mother does the impossible thing to convince the rest of them to do that with her because that might threaten their lives.

Next, I believe that killer whales do not recommended for captivity, because they like to amuse people by themselves in the sea, not in the pool. Killer whales are a kind of animals; they love freedom because they love to do what they want, such as playing with other animals, going to another place, and jumping out of the water to make people glance at them. They do this entire thing to allure people to see their performance. For example, we can see killer whales attack a trainer because they want to do what they want not what the trainer want.

Finally, these animals know there are some areas that are over their carrying capacity, so they will die if they do not leave the area. Actually, when they leave some area, they help themselves and help other orcas that are still in the same part. Because the foods are not enough for all of them, they suggest finding a different place rather than staying then dying. They do the right thing when they are moveing. We should respect the killer whales, because they are intelligent animals. They are remarkable animals and I admire everything they do. If I could talk to them, I would to encourage them to do what they did.

In conclusion, the seven killer whales are not dead, because they went to search for Luna, they feel happy with freedom, and they think the Puget Sound area has overpopulation. Those sea animals know how to survive, because if they not, maybe now they would be extinct.


Fox (2008, October 27). 7 Puget Sound Killer Whales Missing, Presumed Dead. Retrieved October 28, 2008, from,2933,444011,00.html?sPage=fnc/scitech/naturalscience

No Halloween in Saudi Arabia

Anna jurnal 3

There are many celebration day in United States, but in Saudi Arabia we just have two celebration day in the years. We have one at the end of Ramadan and another one after that for about three month. Actually, we do not have dead celebration, but we have similar habit like what American do in Halloween, such as dress up new clothes and get candy. First celebration happens after Ramadan finch and predestines for five days. We celebrate that day after one month of fasting. This celebration day called Eid Al-Fiter that mean in Arabic breakfast celebration. In Ramadan we do not eat in the morning, but in this Eid we should eat in the morning. In those five days every family goes to visit their relative. Also, they have wonderful habits that give children and young money especially from your close relative, such as your uncles. In fact, many children and I am one of them wait this Eid to collect the money and save it until we have enough money to buy what weI want. We hate that when we grow up many of our family stop gives us money. Many children hope they do not grow up to take every years money from their family. But in this Eid we do not have candy corn like in Halloween; we have many kind of candy. Second one called Eid al-Haaj many people in my country call it meat days because we eat meat in this celebration. In this day every family at least they Slaughter one sheep. Then, they divided the meat to three part one for the home, one for your relative, and the last one for poor people. It is really great idea to do this, I hope every country do that to reduce the poverty. In conclusion, we have only two celebrations, but every family involve on it. They wait for it one year to do traditional habit. In US not everyone celebrate Halloween I do not know why.

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

Language Learning

FE # 3
There are many ways to learn new languages to be a good speaker, reader, and listener. First, if you want to be a good speaker, you should not feel shy. The best way is to travel to the country, which you chose to learn their language, to practice your speaking skills. When you do that, you may make some mistake, but do not feel shy because those mistakes make you learn more and more. For example, I came here to the US to learn and practice speaking skills. Next, the best way to be a better reader is to read more every day. You should make it like a habit. One way to read every day is to buy a novel, but you can choose the topic you are interested in. Then, you can read it every day before you sleep, such as when you read in bed until you fall asleep. Finally, I think the listening part is the easiest way to learn if you live in the same country whose languages you want to learn. After a period of time you can notice the improvement in skills you have in the listening part. If you live in your country, you should listen to the radio in the language you want to learn many times a day. In conclusion, everyone can create a new way on learn because it depends to you. Maybe I like one way, but other people like another way.

Monday, October 27, 2008

Killer Whales and Researcher New Idea

According to McCarthy (2008) in his article, “killer Whales blamed for decline of Scottish seals” many researchers think that the killer whales, which are famous for eating many kinds of sea animals, are the main reason for making the numbers of Scottish seals decrease. First, he states that harbour seals quantity has fallen in Britain, but they do not know exactly why this has happened. According to the article, there are two kinds of British seals; one of them has population problem, but the other one does not. Next, he claims that even though there are many reasons that seals die and decrease, some researchers from Aberdeen University recommend killer whales (orcas) as the main reason. Third, the author says that the orcas are one brutal kind of dolphin and never eats people, but they eat sea lion at the shore. Then, he states there is relationship between when the seals die in the beach and when the killers have seen around the area. Also, some researchers know that killer whales eat every age of seals, so it is enough to drop numbers of seals down. He states that killer whales prey on many sea animals, such as sea lions, sea otter, elephant seals, and minke whales. After that, he mentions that this problem did not occur in the past, but it is happening now because the deteriorated population of the great whale before five decades ago by people. In conclusion, the author illustrates killer whale’s general description, such as weight, height, place, and so on.

It is good to have some researcher make some analyses about the seals’ problem, but I do not agree when they make the killer whales only responsible for that, because maybe they could find another sea animal does that; killer whales are a kind of dolphin, and there is a lack of equality about the number of killer whales and number of seals.

First, there are a lot of carnivorous animals in the sea, so why are only killer whales blamed by those researchers? Because not only killer whales feel hungry, but also all sea animals feel that too, we should find other animals who could have done that. We agree that orcas eat seals and other sea animals, but we cannot blame them because it is not enough evidence to do that. If they want to approve that, they should put a camera in the area that the problem occurs in. Also, they can reinforce that by an account of how many seals have been eaten by killer whales. Then, we can believe that.

Next, because killer whales are one of the dolphin family members, we cannot expect them to do that. We always know the dolphin as having cute, friendly, helpful, and beautiful characteristics. When we look of the killer whale appearance, we can notice their black and white color. We cannot believe these animals cause population problem for other animals. We can see a lot of footage in the YouTube web site that shows killer whale playing with some seals by his fluke, like a volleyball game, then return the seals to the beach safely.

Finally, we know that numbers of killer whales are decreasing and they may be extinct in a few years, but seals’ number is also declining. So that is contradictory, because if the numbers of orcas go down, we should anticipate stable numbers of seals deaths or an increase. It is clear to see the confusion here. Also, killer whales cannot eat more than what they want, so how can the numbers of seals decline? Who know?

In conclusion, it is not true that killer whales cause decline to seals animals because not just orcas live inside the sea, not from shark family member, and the quantity of seals has not remained constant. In fact, the researchers should rethink the problem.


McCarthy, M. (2008, April 14). Killer whales blamed for decline of Scottish seals. The Independent. p. 14. Retrieved October 20, 2008, from Lexis Nexis database.

Sunday, October 26, 2008

Marriage Ways

anna blog 2
It is really wonderful to have love, but not puppy love or summer love. I like the kind of love that ends by marriage because the real love only ends by marriage. I am married this years and I am happy. In fact, in my country there are many way to marriage that depends to family culture. First, traditional is the most common way. Traditional way when someone tells his mother, I want to married. Then, his mother search appropriate girl for her son as he describe to his mother. After that, if her mother fond a good girl for him, he can see and talk to the girl at the first time in the girl house with the girl’s father. Then, when both of them like each other at first immersion, he gives the girl ring as fiancĂ©. They can talk to the girl now every hour because they should know each other more and more. Also, to make the relationship strong at this time, but this point is important to identity if they want each other or not. If they really love each other, they can make engagement party (melkah). Also, this period of time is great to know everything about them life. After certain time they can make the wedding because they want that. Second, it is popular for both men and women to married because they meet at restaurant, mall, coffee shop or anywhere. When they meet anywhere they take each other numbers, then the man call the woman. Sometime this relationship ends unsuccessfully because the man target is not married the woman. So a lot of girl in my country do not like this way. Finally, the now language is computer because no one does not have computer at home, so many people in my country use this way. In conclusion, all this way depend to family culture and religious.

Thursday, October 23, 2008

Chicago City

FE # 2
The city I want to talk about contains the highest building in United States (US), which was the highest building in world before ten years ago. This city is Chicago in Illinois State, which is one of the biggest cities in US. There are three reasons why I recommend my friends or classmates to go to Chicago. First, there are a lot of museums in Chicago, such as science museum, historical museum, and art museum. It is really great idea to see many new things in those museums. Next, if you can go to the Aquarium, it is very useful because you can see all kinds of sea animals, for example, turtle, fish, and so on. This is the interesting thing I recommend to my classmates this term to go to, because it is related to our research paper topic. Finally, they can go to Millennium park; it is really wonderful. You can see different chaps in this park. There is something their like a big mirror ball, you can take a good photo to yourself. In conclusion, you should visit this city if you have not yet because you can see many museums, you can find your sea animals in the aquarium and you can have fun in Millennium Park. So , you should try to go there.

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

The Animals can Survive by Themselves

According to Hirsch (2005) in his article, “Animals ‘hit by global warming’” global warming causes animals to have unusual migration in the entire world, so many kinds of animal may became extinct in this generation. First of all, he states that some animals changed them direction because of global warming. Next, he states that the environmental specialists know that some animals before now changed their plan about moving from one place to another. According to the article, chiff-chaffs are remaining in the UK throughout the year rather than migrating south. Also, he says that not all animals have the ability to adapt to the situation. For example, the temperature changes in the sea have caused damage to some fish food inside the water. Third, he points out other threats that led to climate change, such as deteriorating breeding, destroyed beaches, extinction of the male turtle, and destroyed wetland. In conclusion the author states that there are not many options to go for animals, so they might die from hunger.

It is not true that some kinds of animals are going to die because sea temperature changes, climate changes and there are few foods. It is true that some kinds of animals are going to extinction, but the reason is not what the author says. They die naturally from sickness.

First, people know the global warming affect in the polar bear, but not in the ocean. That means only the animals that live like polar pear in danger, but others animals that live in the ocean are not impacted from temperature change. For example, if some kind of fish lives in some level in the ocean, it is possible to change their level in the water to the appropriate temperature they want. Because every level in the water has its own temperature, the fish can move from one level to another one as it is good for them. However, some kinds of fish cannot do that because it hard to live in a level that is deeper than the one it regularly lives in.

Second, climate changes do not affect birds’ lives, but it helps them breeding. The birds change their places regularly because they like the nice weather and search for what they want to eat. They always migrate to eat, to survive, and to live. For instance, when the birds live in a place and the climate changes, they can travel to another place more comfortable for their life. In fact, birds enjoy moving from one place to another to renew their activity in a different area. Sometimes the birds fly to another place because of the cold weather.

Finally, if the animals want to survive, they should be strong. Eat first before someone ate you, is an important theory in animals’ live. no one dies from starvation because animals can find the food everywhere. Everything in life depends on another thing. For example, plants depend on water coming when it rains to grow up and some insects depend on eating these plants. Also, animals eat some insects or other animals. Moreover, people eat some animals to live and some people eat each other to survive sometimes because of the poverty problem, all things living in the world such as plants, animals, and humans should be strong.
In conclusion, animals can adopt themselves to different water temperature, different weather change, and different kind of food. In addition, animals can live with global warming’s effects because they can adapt to new situations, so the problem is that some kinds of animals may die because of personal issues.


Hirsch, T. (2005, October 5). Animals ‘hit by global warming’. BBC News. Retrieved October 15, 2008, from

Friday, October 17, 2008

Difference between Carbondale and Jeddah

FE # 1

There are many differences between Carbondale in the United States and Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. In fact, there are big differences between both of them, such as quantity of people, the weather, the area, the name and distance, First, the people who live in Jeddah are more than five million people, but in Carbondale it about 30,000 people. Second, the weather is very different because in Jeddah it is mostly hot and humid, but in Carbondale people can notice the different four seasons. We can see the beautiful weather. Third, the area is also different because Jeddah has the Red Sea. In contrast, Carbondale does not have a sea. Next, Jeddah has a special name in Arabic that mean in English” the groom of the Red Sea” , but Carbondale does not have meaning. Finally, Jeddah is a huge city if we compare it with Carbondale, because Jeddah is bigger than Carbondale by about ten times. In conclusion, both of them are good and I spend a great time in them.

Sunday, October 5, 2008

School class in Saudi Arabia

In Saudi Arabia we have public schools and privet schools. Each of them has different and similarity. In public schools students enrol to school free, but in privet schools students should pay to enrol. Actually, we fallow Arabic calendar, which have 12 months, in my country. In school we have two long semesters every one four months. The first semester start between first four months in Arabic calendar and the second one start after about one month after first semester finish. In fact in my country we have three vacations in the year eid al-fitr, eid al-hajj, and national day. In eid al-fitr the vacation about five to six days, in eid al-hajj the vacation about one to two weeks, and in national day is only one day. In my country we have traditional clothes called “thob”. In public school students wear this clothes which is wheat and one piece (see pitchers) like a uniform. In contrast, in privets schools some schools have their own uniform, but the others student wear what they want. When I was in school I stay in my class and the teacher come to our class, but in my city I know three schools they try to be development schools. In this kind of school students go to the teachers’ class. We have a lot of differences between United State and my country. First, the number of student in class in Saudi Arabia is about 25 to 30, but in U.S. the number of student in class is about 15 to 20. It is better in U.S. because the student can understand very well with fewer students in class. Next, in my country you cannot speak to your teachers as a friend. For example, you cannot ask your teacher by his/her name, you should say teacher or sir before say his/her name. In U.S. it’s different. Third, in my country we do not mix boy and girl class each of them should be in school alone. For instance, all boys in one school and all girls in one school they are not mix in one school because religious reason. Finally, in boy school the teacher only man and in girl school the teacher only women. In conclusion, it is great experience for me to study here.

Saturday, September 27, 2008

Arabic Coffee

In Saudi Arabia a lot of people like coffee and tea. In my country we have traditional habit when any gust came to our home. First, you should have Arabic Coffee ready when the guests arrive in Dalla something made by metal to keep the coffee hot on it (see the picture). Also, when the gust set in your gust room, you should pour Arabic coffee directly to them. The man who pours the coffee to the gust should not set down until the gust finish the Fenjal- is small cup spatially for Arabic coffee (see the picture). If the gusts want more, we should supply them until chick her/his hand with the fenjan (that mean he/she does not want any more). We served it with dates or candy because the coffee is not sweet. The funny thing there is custom old people still fallow it which is you have to pour half of the fenjan. If you fill all the fenjan, they might make them angry. If you do it, the gust will not drink it. Also, you should hold the dalla with your left hand and the other hold the fenjal. If you do not do that that mean you are not polite. One day that happens to me when I pour to gust in our home. My father stare to me, but I did not understand him. Suddenly I remember I am doing the wrong way, so I switch between dalla and fenjal in harry to fix my mistake a front of them. That makes me loss my control on dalla and it fall down on the floor. Then, I feel shay about what I did. In fact, I like coffee very much because that makes me focus if I want to study.

Friday, September 19, 2008

We do not Have Saudi Movie Industry

In Saudi Arabia there is no movie industry. In fact, we do not have any theater or cinema in my country. If Saudi people want to watch movie, they go to another country near to us or buy DVD to see it at home like home cinema. Because this problem it is popular to copy the movie in CD and sale it with small amount of money. For example, People who live in Damam city which is in the east of the kingdom go to Bahrain to watch new movie. I know this is strange to you, but this is the truth. Because this satiation people in Saudi Arabia prefer national movie. I think they like American movie very much. Also, they like Egyptians movie because it is very fun. I like action movie a lot. Two friends of my country and I used to go to theater every weekend period of time in Carbondale. Know my favorite movie is Dark Knight. I watch it her in Carbondale in University mall. Really I admire the action on the film. It is so nice. I think now it is the noumber one in yahoo user.

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Classic music

My favourite music is classic music. There are many reason make me like classic music: it makes me relax, focus, and feel quite. It makes me relax when I feel tired. When I want to focus to something, I like to listen to some classic music. Also, I am quit man and listening to classic music make me feel more comfortable. In fact, when I hear this type of music, I remember a good time in my life. For example, Beethoven song is one of my favourite songs I remember my wadding when I hear it. I put it at the beginning of my wadding songs so that if I hear any time this music that makes me happy. First time I hear this music when my old brother opens it in his car. After that, I asked him about it and he told me some information about it. Finally, if you do not know about Beethoven, You should try it.

Sunday, September 7, 2008


My favorite food is Maasoob because I like it very much. Maasoob is a traditional food in Saudi Arabia. When I eat Maasoob, I remember all my co-worker because we eat it in the morning. Maasoob kind of dessert, but it is not dessert. It is sweet because it contains bread, dates, banana, cream, honey, and cheese. This kind of food is easy to make. First, cut the special bread to small paces and banana also. Second, we should mashed up the bread, dates, and banana together . After that, we can add the cream and honey above of it. Be careful when you eat maasoob because it may make you fat. One dish is enough for three persons because if you eat just three spoon pit, I think you feel full. I really miss wait in queue my turn. Actually I try to make it her in U.S., but it does not the seam test.I think this food not look good, but it is very delicious food.

Sunday, August 31, 2008

The First Step to my Dream

The first travel in my life when I came to United State. I was little nerves before my flight arrived because I do not have enough experience. After that, I got different feeling. First of all, I felt that I am in a great adventure so that make me excited. Like, my English language was poor so that it was hard to me to have a good communication with others. Next, I was happy because I start my first step to get my Master degree which is one of my dreams. This step is important achievement to increase my confidence of myself. Finally, I was thrilled when I saw the natural environment that let my nerves decrease. So, I began feel more comfortable and relax. In conclusion, I really enjoy my adventure, first step, and location.

Friday, August 29, 2008

My new account

I am Abdulagader Shukri from Saudi Arabia. Now ?I study in CESL in EAP 1 B